The mega-city in Latin America
Latin America, Amérique latine, mégapole, démographie, transport, croissance urbaine, gouvernance, logement, foncier, Buenos Aires, Lima, Mexico City, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Santa Fé de Bogotá, Bogotá, Gilbert Alan
Abstract from the publisher :
The sheer number of people living in Latin America's mega-cities is not the only reason for looking at them carefully. Unfortunately, they also demonstrate many of the worst systems of the region's underdevelopment: vast areas of shanty towns, huge numbers of poor people, high concentrations of air and water pollution, and serious levels of traffic congestion. This book is about the prospects for their future.
Several clear conclusions emerge from the book. First, the largest cities of Latin America differ greatly in terms of their future prospects. It is far easier to be optimistic in Buenos Aires than in Lima. Second, whether urban problems improve or deteriorate has rather little to do with size of city and a great deal to do with trends in the wider economy and society. Increasingly, those trends are determined not just by local decisions but by decisions made outside the region. Third, Latin America's mega-cities are not going to grow to unmanageable proportions because their growth rates have generally slowed. Fourth, management is a critical issue for the future but it is difficult to know whether the quality of management will improve or deteriorate through time.
The book contains chapters on each of Latin America's six largest cities (Mexico City, Sao Paulo, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro, Lima, and Santa fe de Bogota). The book also has four thematic chapters. The first discusses the demography of urban growth in the region and the other three focus on what are particularly sensitive issues in very large cities: public administration, transportation, and land, housing, and infrastructure.