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Nineteenth-Century cities

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Nineteenth-Century cities


histoire urbaine, urbanisation, croissance urbaine, banlieue, centre-ville, société urbaine, ségrégation sociale, ségrégation urbaine, nineteenth century, dix-neuvième siècle


Extract from the lecture transcript :

Today, I want to do the impossible and talk about urbanization and urban growth in fifty minutes. I'll give the classic example, which is the greatest project of human intervention or rebuilding, that is the rebuilding of Paris. In doing so, I want to emphasize a couple points. One is that the nineteenth century was a period of phenomenal urban growth and urbanization. I will distinguish those in a minute. Secondly, one of the things that emerges out of this urban growth and urbanization, but particularly the growth of cities large and medium in the nineteenth century, is an increasing geography of class segregation. Also, one of the things that I really enjoy talking about in trying to help people understand is why it is that European suburbs are not at all like American suburbs. Why is it that some people feared by elites were perched on the edge of European cities, whether it's Vienna, Paris, or lots of other places, and not in the center; whereas, in the United States, if you think of the riots in 1967, before most of your times, in Detroit, or Newark, or Watts, or East L.A., it was people in the center with the wealthy people in the periphery fearing the poor people living in the center. Why is it just completely different?

John Merriman is Charles Seymour Professor of History at Yale University.


John Merriman


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